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Achilles tendon pathology and ankle sprains are two common lower extremity injuries that can affect mobility and quality of life. Achilles tendon injuries may include tendinitis, tendinosis, or ruptures, and treatment options vary based on the type and severity of injury, ranging from conservative management, such as rest, ice, and physical therapy, to surgical repair followed by rehabilitation. Ankle sprains are typically managed with RICE therapy, pain medication, and physical therapy, with more severe cases requiring immobilization and surgical repair as needed. Early intervention and proper management can help prevent long-term complications and optimize recovery.

Achilles tendon pathology:

• The Achilles tendon is a strong, fibrous band of tissue that connects your calf muscles to your heel bone. It helps you to push off the ground when you walk, run or jump.  Sometimes, the Achilles tendon can become injured or damaged due to overuse, sudden injury, or medical conditions like tendinitis or tendinosis. This can cause pain, swelling, and difficulty moving your foot or ankle.

Ankle Sprains:

• An ankle sprain is a common injury that happens when the ligaments in your ankle get stretched or torn. Ligaments are tough, rubbery bands that connect bones to one another and help keep your joints stable.  Ankle sprains can happen when you twist your ankle in an awkward way, such as during sports, exercise, or just walking on uneven ground. Symptoms of an ankle sprain can include pain, swelling, bruising, and difficulty moving your ankle. It's important to take ankle sprains seriously and seek medical attention if you suspect you've injured your ankle. With proper treatment and rehabilitation, most people can recover from an ankle sprain and return to their normal activities.

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